JKHair for the book.
Question: If Mantiq is so important, why did the Sahab not teach it to their students? Why did the Sahaba not use it to study the names and attributes of Allah SWT?
An interesting historical fact: The first to study Kalam were the Mutazilah and the Jahmiyah.
Imam Abu Hanifah when he met Jahm ibn Safwaan said, “ two evils have come to you from the east: those who deny the Attributes of Allaah and those who anthropomorphize His Attributes.”
Imaam al-Shafi: “My ruling on the people of kalaam is that they should be beaten with date-palms and shoes, and then be taken around to the cities and villages and [a crier] proclaim: This is the punishment for someone who leaves the Qur’aan and Sunnah and turns to kalaam.”
Imam al-Shaafa’i said: The people did not become ignorant and begin to differ until they abandoned Arabic terminology and adopted the terminology of Aristotle.
Imam Al-Juwayni, teacher of Imam Ghazaalee, told his students: “O my companions! Don’t waste your time with kalaam. For if I only knew that kalaam would get to [the situation] I am in now, I would never have spent time on it.” [From al-Qurtubi’s Sharh of Sahih Muslim]
Imam Ghazaalee write in the IHyaa’ [1/33]: “TawHeed has now become the manufacturing of kalaam and the art of arguing. And the people of kalaam are called ‘The People of TawHeed.’ Yet, everything that is specific to this science was completely unknown in the early era [of Islaam] – in fact, they were extremely critical of those who opened the door of argumentation and disputes.”
Al-Qadi Abu Yusuf: “Whoever tries to gain knowledge of the religion through kalaam will become a heretic”
Last edited by Tawoos; 08-14-2011 at 05:19 AM.